The Manila Bay is known for its spectacular sunset and beach and the beauty of its rich marine resources. It is an important economic resource with multiple, but conflicting uses.
Through the years, Manila Bay has suffered environmental problems: degradation of habitat, deterioration of water quality, coastal erosion and siltation, overexploitation of its natural resources and loss of biodiversity. There are inadequate facilities for the treatment of domestic and industrial wastes and health risks have become increasing concern for government and boundary partners.
Notably, even the aesthetic value of Manila Bay can no longer be enjoyed like what people have been accustomed due to pollution, illegal structures along waterways and coastal areas and rapid development. All these problems affect more than 34 million people living within the basing area and have spill-over effects on the rest of the country.
On December 18, 2008, the Supreme Court, in recognition of the people's right to a balanced and healthful ecology, rendered the Writ of Continuing Mandamus directing 13 government agencies to clean-up, rehabilitate and preserve Manila Bay in their different capacities. As such, the DENR together with the Mandamus Agencies, partners and stakeholders revised, enhanced the Operational Plan for the Manila Bay Coastal Strategy (OPMBCS) and developed its Implementation Plan 2013-2017.
The Plan addresses major areas of concern, namely: Water Pollution (Liquid & Solid Waste Management and Informal Settlers), Habitat and Resources Rehabilitation, and Partnership and Governance (Enabling Mechanisms).
In the course of implementation of various interventions to enhance the condition of the Bay and its major systems, significant output has not yet been noted. Much is still needed to be done. The improvement of the water quality of Manila Bay is still way too far to be achieved.
The roles of various stakeholders are deemed imperative to effectively and efficiently realize said objective. Each mandamus agency came out with their respective plans and activities bearing their advocacy brand identities in running campaigns in the ground. However, these initiatives have cited low awareness and retention to the Manila Bay rehabilitation agenda.