The Philippine macaque (Macaca fascicularis philippensis) is found in mostly in the Visayas and Mindanao woodlands but recent studies have discovered that there are also some living in the protected areas of Calabarzon. It is classified as an endangered species.
Its average size is the same as a domestic cat. They weigh roughly 4-8 kilograms for males but females are slightly smaller at 3-4 kilograms.
The Rufous Hornbill (Buceros hydrocorax), known as the Philippine Hornbill because it is endemic to the country is a large species of hornbill. Locally known as kalaw, they are endangered, especially in the mountains of Sierra Madre due to hunting.
Physically, the kalaw can be identified from the color its bill. The Rufous hornbill’s is all red while its subspecies are colored pale yellow.
Because of its regular noontime calls, it is often called “the clock of the mountains.”
Sea Sponges (Phylum Porifera)
Sea sponges are known for the holes that permeate their bodies, giving them a sponge-like appearance. These marine animals do not possess a nervous, circulatory or digestive system. They rely on the currents to bring water and food through their bodies, and as such grow into forms that maximize the flow through themselves. Sea sponges feed primarily on bacteria brought to them by the currents. They can also regenerate certain parts of their anatomy from damage. Some can create special cells that can regrow parts of their body. They do this when threatening conditions occur, such as temperature changes. All of them are sessile and benefit greatly from the foothold that the intake of pier structures provide. (Source: The Marine Fauna, KEPCO, 2010)
Tube corals (Tubastra sp. Or Dendrophyllia sp.)
Tube corals such as these may be from either one of the two genera. Exact identification is almost impossible without close examination of their coralite skeletons. These and its relatives from the family Dendrophylidae have the distriction of being azooxanthellate, meaning they lack the photosynthetic algae that often live in symbiosis with other coral genera. (Source: The Marine Fauna, KEPCO, 2010)
Zebra Lionfish (Dendrochirus Zebra)
The Zebra Lionfish is a poisonous reef fish, from the scorpionfish family. It is distinguished by its striped pattern and its pectoral fins’ lack of elongated ray filaments. Those of the scorpionfish family all possess poisoned fins and their venom ranges from mild to lethal. (Source: The Marine Fauna, KEPCO, 2010)
Cone Shell (Conus sp.)
Named for the conical shapes of their shell homes, these are also called cone snails. They are predatory animals, able to paralyze their prey by firing a poisoned tooth from their mouth like a harpoon. This poison immobilizes their prey with neurotoxins so that it can digest he helpless target. The toxins are dangerous to humans as well and it is best not to handle cone shells when found in the wild. (Source: The Marine Fauna, KEPCO, 2010)
The Philippine deer (Rusa marianna), also known as the Philippine sambar or the Philippine Brown Deer, is a species of deer native to the forests and grasslands on most larger islands of the Philippines,. The only major islands where it is not distributed are Negros, Panay, Palawan, Sulu, and the Babuyan and Batanes island groups. It is classified as Vulnerable by the IUCN due to its increasingly fragmented populations as a result of habitat loss and hunting.
The Philippine deer is a medium-sized species, but generally much smaller than its cousin, the Sambar Deer.
Head-and-body length is 100 to 151 cm (39 to 59 in), shoulder height is 55 to 70 cm (22 to 28 in) and body weight is 40 to 60 kg (88 to 130 lb). It mostly even brown in color, with the exception of the underside of the tail, which is white. On Mindanao, the deer’s coat has been reported to be a pale, sandy grey color. The antlers of the male are quite small, usually having a length of 20 to 40 cm (7.9 to 16 in).
This species can be found in a variety of habitats in the Philippines. They may distributed in anywhere from wooded lowlands to forested mountain slopes and up to 2,900 m (9,500 ft) metres above sea level. Breeding seems to most commonly occur from September to January, with females giving birth to a single fawn marked with light colored spots, which disappear after a few weeks. During the rut, females may form small groups of up to eight individuals, but the males remain solitary and are aggressive. The Philippine deer is largely nocturnal in activity, resting in dense forest thickets by day. They general congregate around natural forest openings, eating grasses, leaves, fallen fruit and berries. (Source: Wikipedia)